• Active & Green

Monumental trees in Lombardy

The art of knowing trees in Lombardy

Here are the most famous monumental trees in Lombardy: majestic and long-lived witnesses to the power of nature and of the historical and cultural memory of men.

 

Protagonists of the history of man and the environment, the monumental trees - rare, magnificent and exciting specimens of thousand year-old oaks, trees from the plains, cypresses, beeches, hackberries, pines, holm oaks, horse chestnut trees, weaves, mulberries, cedars, poplars and centuries-old larches - they are silent witnesses, but eloquent in their majesty, of the history of places and men.
Lombardy is rich in these old giants: the region, in fact, boasts the most diverse tree species. In addition, the woods of Lombardy are very varied: they are in fact made up of 194 types of forest, grouped into 16 forest categories (beech, chestnut, oak, larch, robin, maple-ash…).
According to the most recent census carried out by Mipaaf (the Ministry of Agricultural, Food, Forestry and Tourism Policies), there are 188 plants with monumental character in Lombardy. Here we present the best known, hoping that they can become the destination of the next outdoor trip, even four steps within the city center. But first, let's see what it means to be a monumental tree.

 

What is a monumental tree?
To be classified as "monumental", a tree must meet different criteria: it can be very ancient or enormous in size - characteristics that undoubtedly make it old patriarchs of nature - it can also qualify for its vigor, morphology, or posture. Or again, they must authoritatively represent a rare botanical species. Often, in this case, it is about trees planted in the 19th century, when love for exotic cultures reigned. But it can also be specimens of anthropological importance, historical witnesses of unique events, surviving several cycles of human life, or even protagonists of wonderful natural landscapes and home to some animal species ...

The most famous monumental trees of Lombardy

If you think that to see one of the best-known, long-lived and majestic representatives of the category you have to go far from the city, you are wrong. Often it is the metropolitan parks that hold the most precious treasures. This is the case of the Platani and the Calvi Cypresses, up to 30 meters high and with circumferences that reach six in the Sempione Park in Milan, which, together with the Gardens of Porta Venezia and Villa Litta, house wonderful specimens of Platani and Bagolari. Also in the city, we admire the Red Oak in Trotter Park, 40 meters high (4.50 circumference), which is one hundred years old in 2020. Staying within the surrounding areas of Milan, in Cassano d'Adda, right in the square in front of the Visconteo Castle, is a white mulberry that dates back to the 17th century. It is a fruit tree over 300 years old, originally from China, 4.20 meters wide and 15 meters high. Also worth mentioning is the Magnolia grandiflora, which lives in the honor courtyard of Villa Ghirlanda Silva, in Cinisello Balsamo, recognized as a monumental tree for its particular shape and bearing, plus its historical and cultural value. Finally, the twin oaks in the Monza Park are famous, one oak and one scarlet: 600 cm in diameter and over 26 meters in height, they were planted in the park at the beginning of the 19th century by the Viceroy of Italy Eugenio di Beauharnais, who brought them from America.

In the surroundings of Varese, in Somma Lombardo, there are numerous monumental trees planted in the Visconteo Castle’s park. Almost all of them date back to the first half of the 19th century, but there is an even older one: a Cedar of Lebanon from 1744, 30 meters high and with a width of 690 cm.

The lake climate, it is well known, enhances the flowering of nature, tempering the cold and creating a microenvironment that favors the growth and longevity of flora and fauna: in Como, Villa Olmo is famous for its monumental trees. The best known? A Lebanese Cedar from 1716, 25 meters high and 760 cm wide and an Oriental Sycamore from 1664, 45 m high and 860 cm wide. Two real monuments of nature!

In the province of Brescia, the monumental trees are just over 10, distributed between the Upper Garda and the Veronese Garda. In Salò, the row of evergreen cypresses planted in the 19th century and up to 30 meters high, in addition to witnessing the local history, embellishes and connotes the landscape with its great presence and considerable size, making the lakefront of the Riviera dei Limoni an unforgettable place.

We ascend in altitude, to reach the province of Sondrio where, in Ponte in Valtellina, a beautiful specimen of white mulberry, a plant historically chosen for the cultivation of silkworms, can be found. The old mulberry tree is 600 years old and is called the Murunée by the locals. Its very particular shape is due to the repeated cuts necessary to raise the worms. Crossings, twists, “Moor's heads” have all transformed it into a real sculpture.

 

A heritage to defend
Monumental trees are protected by law N.10 of 01/14/2013 and the relative decree of 10/23/2014. The Lombardy region has been dealing with these natural giants for years, coordinating the censuses both in the provinces and regional parks. At the forefront at the national level, Mipaaft, on whose website you can download the book "Monumental Trees of Italy" with the list of monumental trees of Italy, approved in December 2017 and which is periodically updated.
 

 

On the same topic

Castelveccana

Breathtaking views and green woods characterize Castelveccana, a charming village situated on the shores of Lake Maggiore.
  • Active & Green
Castelveccana and its districts, among cycle tourism, history and culture

Brughiera Briantea Park

Park that extends in the territory between Milan and Como and represents one of the largest forest areas of the Lombard plain.
  • Active & Green
Brughiera Briantea Park

Gardens Como

Lake Como is famous for its villas with fantastic gardens: let's discover them together!
  • Active & Green
Gardens Como, discovering Lombardy

4 passi per tutti - I maggenghi di Caspoggio

Sant'Antonio (1337 m) oppure la Motta (1480 m)
  • Active & Green
4 passi per tutti - I maggenghi di Caspoggio

Under the ground, to discover the caves of Lombardy

On a trip to the caves of Lombardy
  • Active & Green
Under the ground, to discover the caves of Lombardy

Noci park

The Parco delle Noci, located in Melegnano, is one of the first Urban Oasis built in Italy.
  • Active & Green
Noci Park

Snowshoe walking in Prato Valentino: Anello Dosso Laù

Silenzio ovattato, inebriante profumo di bosco, tracce di animali selvatici sulla neve e fantastici panorami. È quanto si può godere compiendo un'attività fisica alla portata di tutti e poco dispendiosa: le escursioni con le racchette da neve.
  • Active & Green
Snowshoe walking in Prato Valentino: Anello Dosso Laù

Trezzo d'Adda what to see

A pleasant day to discover Trezzo sull'Adda: the historic center, the villas, the river and the central Taccani.
  • Active & Green
Trezzo d'Adda, what to see in a day

Virtual trip to Lecco: nature and art

An online tour, through green landscapes and culture
  • Active & Green
Sentiero del Viandante

Gardens in Lombardy

The botanical gardens of Lombardy are real jewels to visit, so come on, what are you waiting for?
  • Active & Green
Gardens in Lombardy, discover what to see

Resegone and Piani d’Erna

A real mountain holiday. Chilling and fun for the whole family. Piani d'Erna and the most extreme climbs on the vertical rock walls of Manzoni's mountain
  • Active & Green
Il Resegone e i Piani d’Erna

The trail of memories and labours

This trail was dedicated to the memory of the inhabitants of Castione who, in the past generations, walked along this path carrying heavy pack baskets. The path linked the highest part of the town to the valley floor and allowed people to carry out farm works.
  • Active & Green
The trail of memories and labours

Nature Vacation Lombardy

Lombardy is a very rich region from the naturalistic point of view. There is so much to discover ... do it with us!
  • Active & Green
Nature Vacation Lombardy, the great outdoors

Kitesurf in Lombardy

Where to do kitesurfing in Lombardy
  • Active & Green
Windsurf, Como lake

Spine-tingling Lombardy: discovering 5 mysterious places in our region

  • Active & Green
Lombardia da brivido - Faccia del Diavolo

Livignese Park

Park of considerable environmental interest, for the naturalness of the typically alpine landscape and for the richness of the fauna patrimony.
  • Active & Green
Livignese park

Cycling from Aprica to Val Belviso

  • Active & Green
Cycling from Aprica to Val Belviso

Running al Parco di Monza

Running is good for you. And running in the middle of nature? Even better! Come and join us at Monza Park.
  • Active & Green
Running Parco di Monza

Visconti park

The medieval splendor come alive in today's Pavia.
  • Active & Green
Visconti Park

Gardens Sondrio

In the green heart of Lombardy, in parks and gardens a path among thousands of species of plants
  • Active & Green
Gardens Sondrio, the alluring face of Lombardy